Perceptions, feelings, emotions, symbols, fantasies and imaginations that are directly connected with sexuality are called sexodynamic components. They develop via learning steps during the process of sexualization. The sexodynamic components correspond to mental processes in the brain. Because the brain is part of the body, bodily processes – particularly those elicited by the different arousal modes – have an essential influence on their development.
The interaction of different sexodynamic components constitutes sexodynamics. Sexodynamics are:
The art of recognizing what attracts and arouses us sexually
The ability to express this attraction and arousal through sexual desire
The ability to connect this attraction and arousal to erotic images, fantasies and feelings, as well
as to the experience of one’s own masculinity and femininity
The ability to enjoy the pleasure of sexual arousal alone or with others
We will now discuss the sexodynamic components.
4.2.1 Sexual pleasure
Sexual pleasure is the ability to enjoy sexual arousal. Most men, women and couples consult us because they would like to fulfill their dream of a more pleasurable sexual experience. But, is this possible without fluidity of movement to allow for the diffusion of sexual arousal through the body, or if the arousal cannot be channeled in the pelvis, or if one lacks the ability to let go? In other words, since the brain and body form a functional unity, an improvement of the arousal function will directly affect sexual pleasure and, consequently, the ability to orgasm.
The following table illustrates how physical abilities facilitate good sexual functioning:
Basic erotic abilities
Diffusion of arousal
Channeling of arousal (double swing, reflex arc)
Increases the intensity of pleasure
Letting go below
Abandonment to genital intensity
Letting go above
Orgastic discharge (orgasty)
Thus, physical abilities directly influence the emotional experience. For example, high muscle tension inhibits pleasurable perceptions. The more abilities a person attains by enhancing their arousal function, the more they can influence and modulate their arousal – thus, intensifying their experiences of sexual pleasure and orgasm.
Cognitions – i.e. what a person knows about sexuality, the norms that he or she hold, and their beliefs – support or inhibit learning steps, thus influencing the pleasure and arousal functions.
Regarding the experience of pleasure, sexual health presupposes the ability to intensely enjoy sexual arousal and self abandonment (letting go) on both the genital and emotional levels. The basis for this is the combining of pleasant emotional feelings with physical arousal. This is not always the case, however. Sometimes sexual arousal is accompanied by unpleasant feelings. In the extreme case, during a rape experience, for example, physical sexual arousal may occur, but the accompanying (emotional) feelings are painful. Hence, in contrast to Masters and Johnson’s depiction of the sexual response cycle on a single curve, we distinguish two curves: a physical arousal curve as well as a curve describing the emotional experience i.e. sexual pleasure.
4.2.2 Feeling of Belonging to One's Biological Sex
The development of a feeling of belonging to one’s biological sex is linked to learning steps on the genital level. A man can learn to eroticize his intrusivity, his ability to penetrate. This is called phallic eroticization. A woman can eroticize her vagina, that is, she can develop her receptivity, i.e. the desire to actively take something into her vagina, arouse herself with it, and be filled by it. Phallic eroticization and eroticization of the vagina are personal abilities that are reflected in a person’s internal pictures, sexual fantasies, posture and behavior.
Intrusivity and receptivity represent a continuum to which both sexes have access: Men, too, can enjoy receptivity and women can enjoy intrusivity. In therapy, the development of a man’s intrusivity or a woman’s receptivity is often a topic with clients who have reached limits in their sexuality or have problems with their feelings of belonging to their biological sex.
The feeling of belonging to one’s biological sex is also reflected in the ability to adapt oneself, at least minimally, to gender specific social and cultural roles and norms. For some time now, critical discussions have taken place concerning intersexuals (persons with ambiguously assignable male or female genital organs), transsexuals, and persons calling themselves gender queer. The term gender queer describes a variety of sexual ways of life that often run counter or crosswise to traditional gender roles or norms.
As a therapeutic instrument, the Sexocorporel does not assume that there is a “right” or “wrong” feeling with regard to belonging to one’s biological sex. It addresses the concerns, wishes, and requests of each client individually.
4.2.3 Sexual Self-Confidence
Sexual self-confidence means showing oneself with pride in one’s masculinity or femininity and showing one’s sexual arousal with pride.
4.2.4 Sexual Desire
Sexual desire is the pleasant anticipation of erotic experiences accompanying or helping to trigger the arousal reflex. We distinguish different forms of sexual desire, based on the various personal needs that motivate sexual acts. These needs may be primarily sexual in nature or not. We distinguish between:
1. Desire for fusion
Here, sexual intercourse is motivated by intense emotional needs, being “in love”, fusion wishes, the fear of loss.
2. Biologically triggered desire
The physiologically based desire for procreation is partially hormonally triggered (e.g. during ovulation). In women, periodic
vasocongestion (e.g. premenstrual) may also trigger a wish for orgastic discharge.
3. Sexual desire
Various sexual play forms and interactions are motivated by the search for sexual arousal and its accompanying pleasure,
as well as orgastic discharge or orgasm – alone or with a partner. Sexual desire is often accompanied by the wish for validation
of one’s own masculinity or femininity.
4. Coital sexual desire
Here, sexual intercourse is primarily motivated by the search for sexual arousal through coitus, the pleasurable emotions and
fantasies linked with it, and the self-abandonment that occurs during orgasm.
Coital sexual desire is based on differentiated personal learning steps:
The development of adequate sexual arousal, corresponding sources of arousal, and an arousal mode that includes variations in
intensity, rhythm and movement facilitating the channeling and diffusion of arousal, i.e. an Undulating Mode or Wave Mode.
For women: the development of vaginality, that is discovering and developing the vagina as a space of female eroticism, and a
space for the pleasurable experience of meeting with another person’s eroticism – and that person’s penetrating penis, finger,
For men: learning to eroticize the ability to penetrate, that is, to desire and experience pleasure in penetrating another person’s
body with penis, finger, etc.
Eroticization of the difference and the distance: developing the ability to eroticize another in his/her differentness, as well as in
spatial distance. For heterosexuals, it is the ability to let oneself get aroused by the differentness of the other’s sex and to
Eroticization of intimacy: developing the ability to eroticize closeness, attachment, love, tenderness, etc.
Developing a feeling of belonging to one‘s biological sex and sexual self-confidence.
The development of sexual and emotional attraction codes regarding other people.
4.2.5 Sexual and Emotional Attraction Codes
Sexual and emotional attraction codes represent what attracts and arouses a person. They refer to physical attributes and the person of the other. They also include objects, scenarios, etc. Attraction codes allow for a more precise evaluation of a person’s sexual orientation than categories like “homosexual”, “heterosexual”, etc.. We distinguish attraction codes on the levels of reality, fantasies and dreams.
A person can be disposed to a wide and variable spectrum of attraction codes. Sometimes they are restricted, and then a person’s arousability is limited to certain body parts, objects or scenarios. Attraction codes are influenced by physical perceptions and by arousal modes. They can become restricted or broaden throughout a lifetime and are always accessible to learning processes and therapy.
4.2.6 Sexual Fantasies and Dreams
Sexual fantasies encompass images, memories and anticipations in all sensory modalities (pictures, smells, etc.). They can trigger and/or accompany the arousal reflex.
In sexual fantasies, personal (especially sexual) development is reflected, i.e. learning steps on the levels of cognitions, arousal function, sexodynamics and relationship abilities. The contents of fantasies include very narrow to very extensive scenarios. They are metaphors for the relationship one has with one’s own masculinity/femininity, intrusivity/receptivity, attraction codes, sexual desires, needs, wishes and fears.
4.2.7 Emotional Intensity
The ability to express one’s sexual needs and wishes, sexual desire, and erotic actions with emotional intensity enables a lively and profound experience of one’s sexuality.